There are some more minor differences between the three shutter mechanisms, too: Next up, let’s take a look at image quality differences for each type of shutter. One of the other major effects of your shutter mechanism involves flickering/banding issues in artificial light. An electronic shutter (at least a progressively read electronic shutter) reads lines of information from the sensor from top to bottom or from side to side. You can help support this site, without any additional costs to yourself, if you use the following link to order or pre-order your mirrorless camera: 1/640 banding silent shutter on Sony A7riii, This blog particpates in Amazon’s Associate program and earns from qualifying purchases I’ve greatly benefited from the silent shutter on the Sony A7riii when shooting weddings. Other downsides such as flickering, and banding are due to the electronic nature of the shutter whereas because of the mechanical rear curtain it will be louder than an electronic shutter. This is most pronounced at longer focal lengths, and some cameras are worse in this regard than others. While most of them only offer an “electronic first curtain shutter” the A7s(II) and and A7rII even offer a completely silent, purely electronic shutter. If you want to benefit from silent shooting in artificial light (in the USA and Canada), stick to shutter speeds slower than about 1/15th of a second, or manually set your camera to 1/60th and 1/125th of a second. Regarding electronic shutter for this camera, as I understand it and correct me if I’m wrong, but the only way to engage full electronic shutter is by turning on Silent Live View . The results are below but in short, the max shutter speed usable without banding is 1/125 sec. Mechanical shutters function using physical “shutter curtains”: two blades with a gap in between. This is the most engaging, informative and thorough treatment of shutter type I have encountered. Zooming during continuous shooting may cause changes in exposure even at the same f/number. amzn_assoc_search_bar = "true"; Longer lenses would be especially difficult to keep steady at such slow shutter speeds. In rare cases when something in your scene is moving quickly, like a bird in the sky you want to be sharp, switch to the mechanical shutter. > On. Jan 21, 2019 at 05:23 PM For sports, wildlife, and macro photography, use the mechanical shutter by default. in fast shutter speeds mechanical also has a small slit between the curtains which gets exposed, and this is scanned across the frame. As a landscape photographer, I previously had been shooting most of my photos with EFCS, but after doing these tests it’s clear there is a better method (given that my camera has a fully-electronic shutter option). – user56813 Sep 19 '16 at 18:07. As the name suggests, these work by using the fast mechanical shutter to end the exposure and then syncing the start of the electronic shutter to match its rate. amzn_assoc_placement = "adunit0"; In general, electronic shutters work by reading data from your camera sensor line-by-line. So, with flash, I would stick to the mechanical shutter. For example, take a look at the comparison below. Here are three example photos taken on the Nikon Z7 (not a camera with particularly high levels of shutter shock). One exception: some cameras shoot faster frame rates with the electronic shutter (again, like the Nikon V3’s 20 FPS electronic versus 6 FPS mechanical). Take a look at the following images, all captured at 1/2000 second and uncropped. (The Sony A7riii + Tamron 28-75 f/2.8 is a fantastic wedding kit). This ugly banding shows up with artificial lighting where the brightness is controlled with Pulse Width Modulation. I was wondering what’s the pros and cons of those 3 types of shutter, and found the answer here. PL provides various digital photography news, reviews, articles, tips, tutorials and guides to photographers of all levels, By Spencer Cox 46 CommentsLast Updated On July 8, 2019. The Downside of the Fully Electronic Shutter. So outside of the Sony A9, is the silent shutter worthless in artificial light? The electronic shutter works by reading lines consecutively down the sensor and you can see they are uniform lines (due to the sensor readout and … Essentially, as your camera reads the scene line-by-line, anything moving quickly can be distorted with a “jello” effect. Thank you and the rest of the Photography Life staff for your insightful articles. Note that the following summary assumes your camera can select any of these three shutter mechanisms: For landscape photography, use the fully electronic shutter by default (not EFCS). However, with high-speed sync and external flashes, you’ll often see very visible banding in your images around 1/1000 second. These cameras are often used for photographing large groups of people (e.g. If you own a mirrorless camera you will have probably noticed that with the lens off, you can see straight through to the sensor. I’ve been wondering this same thing. In the US with 60hz lights, 30p and 1/60 (or multiples of 60) is the cure. For regions with 50hz lights 25p and 1/50 (or multiples of 50) will eliminate banding in video or when shooting stills with the electronic shutter. In certain cases (especially at fast shutter speeds), using the mechanical shutter can introduce a peculiar type of flare to bright objects in a scene. However, on certain cameras – specifically the Nikon D810 and D850 – turning on EFCS sometimes does not do anything. Check that the light you have works well with electronic shutter, some types of light sources cause banding. Flash with electronic front curtain shutter is better; most cameras let you use it without any different restrictions. For example, on the Sony A9, you cannot use long exposure noise reduction or Bulb mode with the electronic shutter. The biggest issues with the mechanical shutter – sunstar flare and shutter shock – are not major problems in this genre. So, why does mechanical not have the rolling shutter as well? Compare this to a DSLR (operating in viewfinder mode): 1) The camera opens the first mechanical shutter curtain to start the exposure 2) The camera closes the second mechanical shutter curtain to end the exposure. Jim Kasson measured the readout speed of the Sony A7riii electronic shutter speed at between 1/15 and 1/30, depending on compression and bit size. Examine this series of images: As you look at the above images, you should notice that the banding is far less significant in two of the images:  At 1/60th of a second and 1/125th of a second. You can stop the banding under fluorescent light if you use a right shutter speed. Slow flash sync speeds – while you can still sync flashes with cameras using electronic shutters the top sync speed is generally much lower. “Banding” is a 2018 problem and it will likely be eliminated in the next generation of camera bodies. For wedding/event shooters, journalists, street photographers, etc, silent shutter is a game changing advantage of mirrorless cameras. 4 years ago Log in to Reply. Shutter shock is an issue on all modern cameras, both DSLR … Fortunately, by intelligently selecting your shutter speed, you can still mostly avoid banding. I would also like to point out that using the 12-bit electronic shutter under these particular artificial lights didn't create any banding from the light frequency. For example, on the Nikon Z6, the only way to enable the electronic shutter is: Photo Shooting Menu > Silent Photography > On. Cons Of Electronic Shutter: Due to the line by line pixel scanning of an electronic shutter, rolling shutter can be much more pronounced, particularly in fast-moving subjects. Even if the curtains are fast, they have their limits. Enabling EFCS is easy on most cameras. Z6 II vs Z7 II – which one is better for enthusiast. When using a focal-plane shutter with a flash, if the shutter is set at its X-sync speed or slower the whole frame will be exposed when the flash fires (otherwise only a band of the film will be exposed). On the few cameras that do allow it (such as the Nikon 1 V3), it will max out at a slow sync speed (1/60 second in this case). I just performed two tests using just the electronic shutter (quiet operation is a must on film sets) using two different types of continuous lights (Tungsten and compact fluorescent, have yet to test HMi's). Specifically, in the 1/40 to 1/4 second range, you can end up with “shutter shock” that eliminates low-level detail in your images. Spencer as mentioned by a lot of others- the article is very informative and deals with an important characteristic todays camera’s. For reference, here is the uncropped image (EFCS version): This is a case where you might as well avoid EFCS for bokeh-critical shots at a fast shutter speed – but if you accidentally take some, you almost certainly will never notice. If you are right at the shutter-shock speeds (1/10 second or so), consider bracketing shots – one with the mechanical shutter, and one with EFCS. The other two photos look similar to one another. On some cameras, like the Sony A9, it is obvious how to change to the electronic shutter: Camera Settings 2 > Shutter Type > [Electronic Shut.]. These days I'm active on Instagram and YouTube. For the same reason, flash cannot be used with these cameras. Figure out later if the EFCS images have banding; if they don’t, you can use them without issue. We think it possibly has something to do high speed sync with the electronic shutter at 1/8000 shutter speed. This is no surprise, since it has the fewest moving parts. In order, it goes mechanical shutter, EFCS, and electronic shutter. At fast shutter speeds (1/2000 and beyond), electronic front-curtain shutter can result in uneven exposures. (50hz through most of the rest of the world). Click to see full size: Quite clearly, the mechanical shutter image is not as sharp. Also remember that these differences are more exaggerated on some cameras than others. This is particularly problematic when using an electronic shutter which scans the sensor (on the Z7) at about 1/15 second. With all the major camera brands now producing mirrorless cameras, more people can enjoy one of the key benefits of mirrorless:  silent shooting. 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